Description: The striped newt (Notophthlamus perstriatus)
ranges from 2-4 inches (5-10 cm) in length (snout-vent length).
Adults are usually colored with an olive to brown back
and red stripes along the back. The belly is lighter colored
than the back and sides and is usually a yellow or orange color
with black spots.
Range and Habitat: Striped newts are only found in a small
section of southeastern Georgia and northeastern Florida. They
require shallow, unpolluted water usually with some kind of vegetation.
Temporary ponds or bays are more preferred because there are no
fish, among other predators, which increases larval survival.
Habits: Striped newts breed from late winter to early
spring. Fertilization is internal and eggs are laid in late spring,
usually in temporary ponds. Larvae are aquatic. Though uncommon,
there is an eft, or juvenile, stage present in striped newts,
however, unlike the eastern newt (Notophthalmus viridescens),
the eft stage remains close to water. Also, in striped newts,
the eft stage tends to be more brightly colored than the adults,
with shades of red or orange and also red dorsolateral stripes.
Like other newts, striped newts produce toxins that can be fatal
to its smaller predators and very irritating to humans.
Conservation Status: The striped newt is currently listed
as a rare species as it is only found in one general area. However,
it is now being seriously reconsidered as being a threatened species
in the state of Georgia due to habitat (wetland) loss.
Dodd, Jr., Kenneth. 1993. Cost of living in an unpredictable environment:
of striped newts Notophthalmus perstriatus during a prolonged
drought. Copeia 1993: 605-614.
Account Author: Andrew M. Grosse, University of Georgia
- edited by J.D. Willson