Description: The wood frog is small
to medium sized frog with adults ranging from 1.5 to 2.75 in (3.7 - 7 cm).
They have prominent dorsolateral folds that extend from near the vent to
the head. Coloration is tan to brown with a blackish or brown mask extending
from the snout to just below the tympanum, and a light stripe below it on the
upper jaw. This is the only true frog in our region with such a mask.
and Habitat: Wood Frogs occur throughout most of northern North America even
into parts of Alaska and the Yukon Territory. In the Western Hemisphere, they
are the only cold-blooded tetrapod known to occur above the Artic Circle. In our
region this species is restricted to the Appalachian Mountains in northern Georgia
and northwestern South Carolina. Wood Frogs can be found in a variety of moist
wooded habitats. They are among the most terrestrial frogs in our region and are
often found far from water. They breed in fishless temporary wetlands and vernal
pools and hibernate under stumps, leaves, and logs in wooded regions.
Wood frogs are active both at night and by day in wet weather. They feed on insects
and other invertebrates. Wood Frogs are explosive breeders and breed early in
the season, sometimes even before the ice melts. They attach their egg masses
to vegetation that is below the water. The tadpoles undergo metamorphosis 40 to
90 days after hatching.
Call: The call of the wood frog is a short
Conservation Status: Wood Frogs are common in
our region and are not protected.
Account Author: Justin Neal, University
of Georgia - revised by J.D. Willson